Heman Marion Sweatt, a letter transporter in Houston, Texas, from around 1938 to 1947, took an interest in voter-enrollment drives in Houston, composed for the dark daily paper The Houston Informer, and filled in as the neighborhood secretary of the National Alliance of Postal Employees. Sweatt is most outstanding as the fruitful offended party in the 1950 U.S. Incomparable Court case Sweatt v. Painter, the pre-cursor to Brown v. Leading body of Education. (See Before Brown: Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall and the Long Road To Justice, by Gary M. Lavergne.)
More lobbyist postal laborers are depicted in There’s Always Work at the Post Office: African American Postal Workers and the Fight for Jobs, Justice, and Equality, by Philip F. Rubio.
Photo of U.S. Delegate William L. Dawson.
William L. Dawson, Kennedy’s First Pick for Postmaster General (photograph civility Library of Congress)
President-elect John F. Kennedy named J. Edward Day as Postmaster General on December 17, 1960, however Day was not Kennedy’s first decision for the activity.
Not long after his decision, Kennedy offered the activity of Postmaster General to Democratic Congressman William L. Dawson, an incredible African-American political pioneer from Chicago. In 1960 Dawson, at that point a 18-year individual from the U.S. Place of Representatives, was filling in as executive of the House Government Operations Committee. Whenever named Postmaster General, Dawson would have been the main dark individual from a Presidential bureau.
To the dismay of numerous operating at a profit network, Dawson turned down Kennedy’s offer, saying he would preferably remain in Congress. A few commentators couldn’t trust that a dark man would turn down such a notable chance – they thought maybe that the offer was simply a contrivance to score focuses with dark voters.
Corneal A. Davis, a long-lasting individual from the Illinois House of Representatives and partner of Dawson, asked his companion at the time “What the demon isn’t right with you?” and Dawson letting him know:
I got my very own capacity. Don’t you know when I accept that position Kennedy’d be my supervisor. I’ll be the postmaster general, yet I’ll likewise sign my renunciation when I accept the position. What’s more, when he reveals to me I’m through, I’m through. Also, heck, I ain’t going to be through until the point that the general population disclose to me I’m through.*
Dawson kept on serving in Congress until his demise in 1970.
* Corneal A. Davis Memoir, Volume II, Interview by Horace Q. Waggoner, 1982, Archives/Special Collections, University of Illinois at Springfield, 173